Track and Field is a competition consisting of a variety of running, jumping and throwing events. Dating back to Greek Olympiads as well as those of other civilizations, ancient Track and Field Athletics offered a competitive display of tactics necessary for use in war.
Today’s track and field events are split into categories. The throwing events are the discus, shot put, hammer throw and javelin. Running events compile short dashes and sprints, medium length races (400-5,000 meters) and long races like half marathons and marathons. There are also four jumping events: the long jump, high jump, pole vault and triple jump.
Generally, athletes participate in one event or two similar events (high jump and pole vault, discus and shot put, etc.). There are athletes, though, that pride themselves on their all-around skills.
These multi-sport men compete in the 10-event decathlon. The International Olympic Committee and other governing bodies recognize a 7-event heptathlon for women, though there is a movement towards the decathlon for female Olympians, as well. Both styles of competition are split into two days: the decathlon consists of the 100 meter, long jump, shot put, high jump and 400 meter run on the first day, and the 110 m hurdles, discus, pole vault, javelin and 1,500 meter run on day two. The heptathlon’s first day consists of the 100 meter hurdles, high jump, shot put and 200 meter runs and the second day has only 3 events: the long jump, javelin throw and the 800 meter race.
Track and Field contests have multiple events running simultaneously. Events run on the track have curved start lines so that the athlete at the widest part of the track runs the exact same distance as he on the innermost, shortest lane. While competitors are racing on the track, other events are taking place on the field. The throwing and jumping events are done one at a time, with the best scores being recorded. The winner is the person who throws or jumps the highest/farthest at the end of the day.